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Beyond Complete Streets for Walking and Biking
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Beyond Complete Streets for Walking and Biking

Beyond Complete Streets for Walking and Biking

55 min
Credit: AICP CMCNU-A

This course is approved for 1 AICP CM credit

How do we make streets disappear and cities thrive? Planning and design of the built environment for bicycles and pedestrians is an essential practice in reshaping the cities of the future.

This course will cover current practices in planning and implementation of cities for biking and walking, including a focus on background and policy; basic data gathering techniques; interventions; concept planning and design; transportation demand management; and advocacy skills. You will learn how to plan, design, and implement safer and more sustainable streets to meet the needs of bicyclists and pedestrians in addition to automobiles.

In This Course

  1. Designing roads to facilitate walking and bicycling is an essential tool for contemporary planning, design, and engineering. In this course, we will look through the lens of walking and bicycling to envision the future of streets and urban transport.
  2. History and Context
    This chapter reviews the history and context for street design for walking and biking. This includes a brief discussion of non-automotive transportation in the city. The chapter focuses primarily on urban developments in transportation since the Industrial Revolution in western countries. The chapter also provides an overview of the transportation planning and engineering field that subsequent chapters will expand upon.
  3. Institutional and Governmental Frameworks
    This chapter outlines the existing institutional and policy frameworks that shape streets for walking and biking. Like Chapter 2, it provides a policy history, showing how streets and roads are currently being implemented and financed, and linking policy to practice.
  4. Designing Better Streets
    This chapter discusses in more detail how streets offer transportation options, including walking and biking. The chapter will cover methods of measurement and design of a complete and livable street, methods of measuring walking and biking, and common design treatments that facilitate biking and walking behavior. An index of treatment terminology to serve as a quick reference guide for "planner-speak” on the topic is also included.
  5. How We Get There
    This chapter will focus on exemplary projects in cities around the world—showing how cities can achieve the environmental, social, and economic benefits of streets that encourage walking and biking. The chapter begins with short case studies of Portland and Copenhagen, before longer discussions of less commonly discussed examples in London, England and Louisville, Kentucky. It will conclude with a brief case study of San Luis Obispo, California. These will be framed as opportunities for how planners can move through a planning process to create more bike- and pedestrian-friendly streets.
  6. Programs, Policies, and Behavior
    This chapter moves beyond the built environment, data, and facilities implementation to focus on behavior. Increasingly, city planners, policymakers, and academics have recognized the important role behavior plays in travel decisions. The chapter summarizes the large body of work that recognizes the relationship between travel behavior and habit, personal preferences, and situational dynamics—not just how the streets are designed. This chapter will present how academics have shown that behavioral programs and nudges using financial or social cues can help shape decisions to walk or bike.
  7. Conclusion
    This chapter will review the previously covered content. It will also offer thoughts and lessons about streets using the example of Amsterdam, and two before and after graphics.

Published 2017